Thin paspalum is most often found in cool-season lawns but can tolerate golf fairway mowing heights, especially in creeping bentgrass turf. Sea Spray is a warm-season seeded seashore paspalum variety that forms a moderately dense but uniform sward. This naturally selected paspalum is perfect for installation tee-to-green. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) Sea Spray (protected by United States Plant Patent). – dallisgrass. Paspalum is a genus of plants in the grass family. decumbens Vasey (synonym) Paspalum dilatatum subsp. Paspalum almum. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. is a strongly tufted, leafy, sod-forming perennial grass. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Paspalum laeviglume. 10: 1377. Bermuda Grass in Spanish is known as Grama and Seashore Paspalum in Spanish is known as Paspalum. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. flavescens Roseng., B.R.Arrill. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Thin Paspalum (Bull Paspalum) Scientific Name - Paspalum setaceum Michx. Ubon (Ubon Paspalum) Common name: Ubon paspalum Breeding:Pasture atratum is a wild species native to the states of Mato Grosso do Sul, Goias and Minas Geriais in central-western Brazil. 1894; Paspalum paucispicatum Vasey (1893) International Common Names Kodo is a popular fast or upvas food in some parts of India. Tussock paspalum (Paspalum quadrifarium) is regarded as an environmental weed in parts of New South Wales and as a potential environmental weed in some parts of Victoria. New content will be added above the current area of focus upon selection var. Paspalum vaginatum. 2009. Paspalum : Paspalum acuminatum. Quarín, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias at Universidad Nacional del Nordeste, Corrientes, Argentina, as Paspalum lenticulare Kunth. Bermuda Grass and Seashore Paspalum in Spanish is also different. Paspalum (Paspalum dilatatum) is similar to other closely-related grasses, including broad-leaved paspalum (Paspalum mandiocanum), Bahia grass (Paspalum notatum), Vasey grass (Paspalum urvillei), scrobic (Paspalum scrobiculatum) and tussock paspalum (Paspalum quadrifarium). Digitaria paspalodes Michx. Ligule membranous. Paspalum lentiferum Lam. Systematics of Paspalum group Notata (Poaceae-Panicoideae-Paniceae). In coastal habitats, it can spread at 1-2 m per year and become dominant over native vegetation. Thin paspalum are more prevalent in piedmont and mountainous regions while dallisgrass is more common in coastal plain areas. Scientific names are name used by scientists, especially the taxonomic name of an organisms that consist of the genus and species. IV. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Kuntze (synonym) Paspalum dilatatum var. Scientific Name: Paspalum dilatatum: Family: Poaceae: Longevity: Perennial: Season: Warm: Origin: Introduced: Height: 50 - 120 cm: Flowers: Apr - Nov: Description: A weedy grass of disturbed areas and lawns. Description. Bull Paspalum is a perennial grassy weed that is also known as Thin Paspalum, Bull Crowngrass or by its scientific name, Paspalum boscianum. It has short creeping rhizomes and deep thick fibrous roots, down to 1 m deep (Ecoport, 2010; Cook et al., 2005). Water couch, or knotgrass (P. distichum), forms large flat mats along shores and in ditches in North and South America and Europe; it is used as a lawn grass in Australia. This naturally selected paspalum is perfect for installation tee-to-green. Scientific Name: Paspalum floridanum. Plant Description: A tufted rhizomatous perennial grass to 1 m tall, with decumbent to erect stems. The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Paspalum dilatatum . Dedicated paspalum cultivars such as 'Aloha Seashore' or 'Platinum TE' have been produced for such uses. Hoehnea 36(4): 679–707, Zuloaga, F. O., J. Pensiero & O. Morrone. Flowers smooth, elliptic to round, single. circulare (Nash) Stone: PALAP: Paspalum laeve Michx. PALE10. (1803) Panicum paspalodes Michx. Paspalum geminum. Statistics. The reduced flowers are borne in small inflorescences known as racemes. The Plant List includes 1,153 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Paspalum.Of these 323 are accepted species names. Despite its decreasing productivity with age, P. notatum continues to dominate pastures decades after abandonment. Scientific name: Paspalum atratum cv. and Quarin, C.L. Reported to have originated from the Americas, it can be a serious weed of rice in West Africa. Family - Gramineae. These species can be distinguished by the following differences: The leaf blades are hairless with an asymmetric ligule (appendage at base of leaf with unequal sides). Preferred Scientific Name. 1759. They are warm-season C4 grasses and are most diverse in subtropical and tropical regions.[5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12]. Grasses are graminoids. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) SDX-1 (protected by Australian Plant Breeder's Rights and United States Plant Protection); SeaDwarf (formerly registered trade mark of Environmental Turf Solutions, Inc., USA). Stems erect. knotgrass; Other Scientific Names. (accepted name) Synonyms: Digitaria dilatata ... Coste (synonym) Panicum platense (Spreng.) Due to its persistent nature and the large area of land occupied by this species, the restoration of pasture infested with P. notatumhas become a major land management chall… Note: Plants of the three Australian cultivars grown from seed supplied by the Margot Forde Forage Germplasm Centre, New Zealand, have been identified by Dr C.L. Systematic Botany Monographs 71: 1–75, Chase, Agnes. Flowers and seeds on undersides of narrowly winged branches. Omissions? Some species, such as bahiagrass (P. notatum) and P. nicorae, are grown for pasturage, especially with the perennial forage peanut (Arachis glabrata) as a companion crop. Paspalum scrobiculatum (koda, varuka, varuku, etc.) Paspalum conjugatum, commonly known as carabao grass or hilo grass, is a tropical to subtropical perennial grass. Revisión sistemática del subgénero Harpostachys de Paspalum (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paniceae). Paspalum dilatatum … This lawn weed is known for its unattractive clumping. This is a tall, erect grass to about 2m high. Scientific Name; PACI8: Paspalum circulare Nash: PALAC: Paspalum laeve Michx. glabrum. Life Cycle: Perennial. Paspalum distichum L. 1759; Preferred Common Name. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Paspalum, United States Department of Agriculture - Paspalum setaceum, University of California - Seashore paspalum. Paspalum vaginatum. This is a tufted perennial (living for longer than 1 growing season) growing from a solid, hairy base or 'crown'. & Izag. Naturalised in all States except the Northern Territory. Paspalum atratum Swallen ... Espinoza, F., Marcón, .F, Urbani, M.H. Paspalum vaginatum, commonly known as seashore paspalum and by many other names, is a species of perennial grass which can be found in wet, saline habitats. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Paspalum grasses can be tufted or creeping with rhizomes (underground stems) or stolons.The flat leaves are linear or somewhat tapering and generally feature a membranous ligule (small structure at the leaf base). It often forms the boundaries of, and is found within, areas now designated for conservation. curtisianum (Steud.) Corrections? Notes on genera of Paniceae. Commonly known as paspalum, bahiagrasses, crowngrasses or dallis grasses, many of the species are tall perennial New World grasses. Scribn. is a millet locally grown as food grain. The ergot Claviceps paspali is a sac fungus that grows on Paspalum, producing ergot alkaloids and the tremorgen paspalitrem; it causes "paspalum staggers" poisoning in cattle. Some are valuable forage grasses, and at least one (Paspalum scrobiculatum) is grown as a millet in Asia and parts of Africa. It is not infrequently used for arena and golf course turf in warmer coastal regions, such as Baja California, Florida, Peru, Texas and Venezuela. Hairy-seed Paspalum is a Grass. An accession of this wild species, BRA 009610, was originally collected near thevillage of Terenos, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil, by Dr. J. Valls in April 1986. Scientific Name. Symbol. Genus: Paspalum. Sometimes seeded as a pasture grass in the eastern part of our region. The Plant List includes a further 284 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Paspalum.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. 1911. Platinum TE now covers the globe with projects in over 30 countries. Common name. Paspalum L. – crowngrass. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. (2019) Reproductive systems in Paspalum: Relevance for germplasm collection and conservation, breeding techniques, and adoption of released cultivars. Platinum TE™ Paspalum, introduced in 2007 by Turf Ecosystems and Dr. Ron R. Duncan, revolutionized the turfgrass market. PALO10: Paspalum longipilum Nash: PAPL7: Paspalum plenipilum Nash Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. pilosum Scribn. Systema Naturae, Editio Decima (10th edition) 2: 846, 855, 1359, Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Paspalum, Biota of North America 2013 county distribution maps, Denham, S. S. 2005. Common Name: Florida Paspalum, Crowngrass. Dallis grass (P. dilatatum) is a South American species grown in pastures in Australia and North America. Paspalums are also food for caterpillars of lepidopterans such as the pasture day moth (Apina callisto), and those of the dark palm dart (Telicota ancilla) which feed on P. urvillei. A Kingdom is the second highest taxonomic rank. [3][4], The group is widespread across much of Asia, Africa, Australia, and the Americas. it is pan-tropical). Paspalum almum. Paspalum praecox Walter var. 2004. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Plant Names (Nomenclature) Tussock paspalum (P. quadrifarium) is considered a weed in Australia. Granivorous birds often eat paspalum seeds; the chestnut-breasted munia (Lonchura castaneothorax) readily feeds on the seeds of P. longifolium, for example. Inflorescence (a group of flowers) usually has 3 to 7 spike-like racemes (groups of flowers on … Vasey. Scientific name. Leaf-blades are flat, to 20 cm long and 15 mm wide, hairless and smooth. Tufted perennial from short, scaly rhizomes. Members of the genus utilize a photosynthetic pathway known as C4 carbon fixation, which largely prevents photorespiration and increases drought-tolerance. Species. Frontiers in Plant Science. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 92(4): 463–532, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Paspalum&oldid=965687799, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 July 2020, at 20:26. Scientific name. The leaf blade is angled along the midrib, and is long and narrow, bright green, sparsely long-hairy around where it meets the stem. Scientific name Paspalum plicatulum Michx. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Bull Paspalum Paspalum boscianum. Accepted scientific name: Paspalum dilatatum Poir. It has also spread to Northern Africa and … PAPRC. Dallis grass (Paspalum dilatatum Poir.) (1803) Paspalum paspalodes ; Paspalum paspaloides (Michx.) Grasses are herbaceous plants with narrow leaves originating at the base of the plant. P. notatum has been extensively planted for forage and soil stabilization in the southern United States, especially in Florida. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 24: 137, Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Linnaeus, Carl von. Culms arise from the rhizomes and reach up to 1 m. The leaves are abundant, blade-shaped, 6-25 cm long and 5-15 mm wide. (synonym) Paspalum dilatatum f. paucispica Hack., nom. PAPRC2. Plant Type: Grass/Sedge/Rush. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Seashore paspalum. Several plants are considered invasive species in areas outside their native ranges. Paspalum dilatatum Scientific name; Paspalum Common name; Not Sensitive; Exotic; Minor Weed or Pest; 468.3m to 722m Recorded at altitude; In flower. Water finger-grass (P. vaginatum) resembles bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon), but has a higher salinity tolerance and can consume greywater. var. Status: Native Argentina. Poaceae da Estação Ecológica do Seridó, Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil. Scientific name. The flat leaves are linear or somewhat tapering and generally feature a membranous ligule (small structure at the leaf base). In general, all living organisms are divided into kingdoms in the form of a classification chart. Scientific Name - Paspalum laeve Michx. It is originally from the American tropics, but has been naturalized widely in tropical Southeast Asia and Pacific Islands. Lower sheaths of leaves are hairy. Common name. [13], Ferreira, C. G., R. C. Oliveira, J. F. M. Valls & M. I. Bezerra de Loiola. Description. Bahiagrass has also some significance as a honey plant. Polygons. Widely naturalized in northern and eastern Australia, tropical and northern Africa, tropical Asia (e.g. Paspalum grasses can be tufted or creeping with rhizomes (underground stems) or stolons. Scientific Name: Paspalum dilatatum: Photo: A J Brown. Updates? Seashore paspalum. It is also listed as a priority environmental weed in at least one Natural Resource Management region. External link More information; Location information. Paspalum, large genus of annual and perennial grasses (family Poaceae), distributed throughout warm regions of the world. Subordinate Taxa. Paspalum almum. In the scientific classification of plants from kingdom to species, the Seashore Paspalum Kingdom is an important factor in the taxonomy of plants. Some of the popular common names of the plant are Indian paspalum, Creeping paspalum, Ditch millet, Scrobic paspalum, Water couch, Scorbic, Mau’u-laiki, rice grass, rice grass paspalum, Veld paspalum and native palspalum. nud. The reduced flowers are borne in small inflorescences known as racemes. SeaDwarf is a medium- to fine-textured seashore paspalum that was selected on the … Species Epithet: floridanum. Seedhead with one to five ascending branches. Plant Search > Hairy-seed Paspalum Hairy-seed Paspalum (Paspalum pubiflorum) About Hairy-seed Paspalum. Paspalum pubiflorum var. 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P. quadrifarium ) is grown as hay in its native South America is., and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica scientific name - Paspalum setaceum Michx. of released cultivars Paspalum paucispicatum Vasey 1893. Longer than 1 growing season ) growing from a solid, hairy base or 'crown ' known! M per year and become dominant over native vegetation,.F, Urbani,.... ): 679–707, Zuloaga, F. O., J. F. M. Valls & M. I. de... Northern and eastern Australia, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica spread at 1-2 m per year become... South Florida and other herbaria accepted name ) synonyms: Digitaria dilatata Coste! 1 subspecies of Paspalum dilatatum: Photo: a J Brown considered a weed! And is found within, areas now designated for conservation or name for subspecies.. ) Stone: PALAP: Paspalum laeve Michx. L. – crowngrass for than. 1803 ) Paspalum paspalodes ; Paspalum paucispicatum Vasey ( 1893 ) International Common names dallis grass ( Paspalum dilatatum includes! Plants database includes the following 1 subspecies of Paspalum dilatatum: Photo: a J.! J. Pensiero & O. Morrone plant Families, Linnaeus, Carl von paspalum scientific name of the are! ( protected by United States plant Patent ) it is also different ( requires login ) dominant over native.... Part of our region moderately dense but uniform sward, erect grass to about 2m high Pensiero & O... – crowngrass season ) growing from a solid, paspalum scientific name base or 'crown ' and... Decades after abandonment within, areas now designated for conservation cool-season lawns but can tolerate fairway! Widely naturalized in northern and eastern Australia, tropical Asia ( e.g part of our region names are name by! Spread at 1-2 m per year and become dominant over native vegetation varuku etc. Is an important factor in the southern United States plant Patent ) ( Family ). 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