Unfortunately, both green ash and white ash populations are being decimated by the emerald ash borer or EAB. Sapwood can be very wide, and tends to be a beige or light brown; not always clearly or sharply demarcated from heartwood. There are other species of ash tree as well, including European Ash (Fraxinus excelsior), Oregon Ash (Fraxinus latifolia) and Green Ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica). Find Wood Density. The trees grow in cool and warm climates, on moist, well drained soil, and in areas that provide enough direct sunlight. Green ash has pronounced, generally tight grained with a wide beige to light brown sapwood and light to medium brown heartwood. The green ash is one of the most common and abundant species of ash. Thanks to the ability of green ash trees to grow in a variety of soil conditions and challenging weather, it is one of the most common ash wood type found in the United States. Green Ash has excellent shock resistance, and along with hickory (Carya spp. The name ash comes from the word spear, which could be a reference to its spear-shaped leaves or the fact that ancient peoples used the tree to make weaponry. Green wood is freshly sawn wood in which the cell walls are completely saturated with water. Black ash is typically found from the East Coast up into Eastern Canada, and has a light- to medium-brown heartwood. In the fall the Texas Ash produces a spectacular range of pastel colors that include yellow, orange, red, purple and maroon. Hi, my house is 96 years old and I live in Kitchener Ontario, Canada. Distribution: Eastern and Central North America, Tree Size: 50-65 ft (15-20 m) tall, 1-2 ft (.3-.6 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 40 lbs/ft3 (640 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .53, .64, Modulus of Rupture: 14,100 lbf/in2 (97.2 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,660,000 lbf/in2 (11.40 GPa), Crushing Strength: 7,080 lbf/in2 (48.8 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 4.6%, Tangential: 7.1%, Volumetric: 12.5%, T/R Ratio: 1.5. The Texas Ash has 2 to 4 inch long rounded leaves that have a medium to fine texture and retain a deep green color. Ash ranges from a creamy white to light gray-brown over its majority, with the heartwood showing as a rich, deep brown. Carolina ash also prefers those hardiness zones but likes swampy areas. The insects are responsible for the deaths of hundreds of millions of ash trees across the United States and Canada. It has a high heat output of 24.2 million BTUs per cord of seasoned wood. It machines well, accepts stain and dye really well (if that is important to you) and is always available. Green Ash has excellent shock resistance, and along with hickory (Carya spp. Ash can also be harvested from Charcoal. For example, the European Mountain Ash is actually a member of the rose family. Contact us with your enquiries or to make a booking. Southern flannel moth caterpillars are teardrop-shaped, and, with their long, silky hairs, resemble a tuft of cotton or fur. Finish coverage information: The calculator above is for general estimates and is a good indicator for most finishes.However, it is worth noting that Absolute Matt requires 2 coats and the coverage is 14m² per litre per coat. Ash has a hardness rating of 1200 (most scales generally agree, but sometimes they may be slightly different in number). ... like this ash juniper post fence, gives a nice handmade look to a home landscape. At maturity, it will reach a height of … This makes ash an excellent choice for use in contemporary settings. It is also being widely used in revegetation of spoil banks created from strip mining (25). In fact, it's often used as a replacement for oak and is sometimes called "golden oak." White ash grows from the East Coast through the Midwest of the United States and has a lighter heartwood color and wider-spaced growth rings than black ash, which has a slightly darker hardwood. Thus, it is a popular wood among woodworkers in North America and other areas of the world. A tutorial of how to tell the America's 3 most common Eastern Ash trees apart. To find how much wood weighs start by finding the density of the wood. The adult mothhas blunt wings covered with long, wavy hair and a wingspan of 1 to 1 1/2 inches. Often, increased density and hardness of wood also increases the weight of the wood. Glues, stains, and finishes well. The color ash itself is a slightly greenish-grey that is a common color for the powdery minerals, metals and other substances that remain after a fire. Wood also contains measurable quantities of organic "extractives" such as such as terpenes, resins, and polyphenols such as tannins, sugars, and oils. Ash is a deciduous hardwood of the fraxinus genius. Jason, Rot Resistance: Heartwood is rated as perishable, or only slightly durable in regard to decay. Green ash is one of the most widely planted ornamental trees throughout the United States and much of Canada but mostly Alberta, including in western areas where it is not native. Its also tied to many legends. For comparison, one of the strongest and hardest wood available is hickory with a hardness rating of 1820 while the strong oak has a rating of 1290. At maturity, it will reach a height of 35 to 45 feet with a … Currently the disease is found only in saplings, young vulnerable trees, not our more mature trees. When stained, ash can look very similar to oak (Quercus spp. Ash is a hardwood which means it will burn hotter and will provide the most heat for the weight. It burns clean with no smoke and it throws few sparks. Our lumber pricing is based on board feet (BF). Ash is up there with the best of woods for your fire or wood burner as it's one of the densest of the hardwood logs. It gets 40 feet (12 meters) tall. The name ash comes from the word spear, which could be a reference to its spear-shaped leaves or the fact that ancient peoples used the tree to make weaponry. The tree grows approximately 70 feet tall and can live for up to 100 years, however, 30-50 years is more common. Sizes shown are net. Variability of green moisture content exists even within individual boards cut from the same … The green ash is one of the most common and abundant species of ash. Workability: Produces good results with hand or machine tools. Elliot Walsh holds a B.S in Cell and Developmental Biology and a B.A in English Literature from the University of Rochester. On another note, the green ash is the species of the wood that is the most abundant. Many folks like to stain ash lumber, and the species truly excels in this area. Ash is also great for woodworking because of its flexibility and its ability to bend. This makes the laser engraving really easy to read on a polyhedral set of dice made from Ash. Northwest Hardwoods Company also states that ash handles nailing, glueing, screwing, machining and polishing very well. In addition, Ash produces minimal smoke, good quality coals, and is not too difficult to split when dry. That's why it's often used in sporting equipment: it can absorb the shock from impact of water, baseballs and hockey pucks without breaking. The green ash (F. pennsylvanica) is widely planted as a street tree in the United States. Natural wood is a lovely choice for adding warmth and texture to garden structures like raised beds, fences, decks and trellises. White ash is rated at 1,320 and green ash at 1,200. These trees are flowering plants, also known as angiosperms, and are closely related to both lilac and olive plants of the Oleaceae family. The overall color and tone of the wood are fairly light, without the pink or red tones of red oak or the blandness of maple. Generally speaking, the drier a wood becomes, the stronger and stiffer it will be. Ash wood is very much preferred by carpenters and craftsmen because of its flexibility, versatile properties and strength. Fires drop one Ash pile and Mud Charcoal Furnace drops up to three Ash piles. It is very popular due to its good form and resistance to disease. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Green Ash Fraxinus pennsylvanica This hardy shade tree has been a popular choice due to its fast growth, nice shade, and ability to adapt to a range of soil conditions. Green ash is often planted in spoil banks after strip mining has been completed. What you describe would not be typical for Ash. The weight of wood varies by the species of wood and the moisture content of the lumber. He's worked in multiple academic research labs, at a pharmaceutical company, as a TA for chemistry, and as a tutor in STEM subjects. It's Just a Guide. About 40% of boulevard trees in Edmonton, Alberta are green ash. Typically, wood that’s kept out of the elements at a low relative humidity will last indefinitely. Wings are orange at t… Green Ash is one of a handful of species in the Fraxinus genus that are used as commercial lumber. Lacking natural predators, uncontrolled populations of this invasive species spread very rapidly throughout North America, devastating local populations of ash trees. Find Wood Density. It is listed as critically endangered due to a projected population reduction of over 80% in the next three generations, caused by effects of introduced taxa. If the wood is old and dry. Additionally, its sapwood is pale to white. Ash is a hard wood that has been frequently used for curved elements because it bends easily when steamed. Chestnut’s only good they say If long it’s laid away. Hockey sticks are traditionally made of ash because of the curve in the stick blade. Discovered in 2002 near Detroit, MIichigan, the boring beetle has spread through much of the northern ash range and threatens billions of ash trees. Pricing/Availability: Ash is among the least expensive utility hardwoods available domestically; it should compare similarly to oak in terms of price. Their color varies from yellow or gray to reddish-brown, or a mixture of colors. The lowest Janka rating for an ash wood is black ash … So far the trees that will reach maturity in the next 1 – 30 years seem to be free from effects of the disease, so we have that to be thankful for at least. Like oak, cherry and maple tree wood, ash is considered a hardwood tree. Black ash grows only in colder areas like USDA hardiness zones 2 through 6, while green ash has a much wider range, USDA zones 3 through 9. Comments: The emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis), believed to have been inadvertently introduced from Asia sometime in the 1990s, was first detected in Michigan in 2002. A wood doesn't float, for example, if it's specific gravity is 1.00 or greater. If it’s more … I am looking for advice to help me… Read more », (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). It burns clean with no smoke and it throws few sparks. A recent newspaper article, “City, Fleming partner to address the Emerald Ash Borer and hazard trees” in Kawartha Lakes This Week (April 13, 2017), noted that, “If you have ash trees on your property that have been infested, it is best to destroy the wood”. The moisture content of green wood … Ash is a hardwood which means it will burn hotter and will provide the most heat for the weight. The confusion may stem from the fact that ash has roughly 33 percent moisture content. Yggdrasil dice would make an … Green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica), also called red ash, swamp ash, and water ash is the most widely distributed of all the American ashes. It's also used quite often to create sporting equipment such as oars, baseball bats and hockey sticks. The inner bark of the blue ash (F. quadrangulata) has been used as a … Using only traditional green woodworking chair-making techniques, each chair is hand-made by the skilled craftsman and green woodworker, Mark Griffin, to bring traditional and contemporary designs into your home. However, it is only common to find trees with a lifespan of anywhere from 30 to 50 years. Naturally a moist bottomland or stream bank tree, it is hardy to climatic extremes and has been widely planted in the Plains States and Canada. The foliage of ash trees is easily identifiable, with green ash (top) and black ash (bottom) is about the same (photo courtesy of Keith Kanoti, Maine Forest Service, Bugwood.org) Personally, I find ash to be a wonderful lumber to work with. It is very popular due to its good form and resistance to disease. Ash wood is a key part of the lumber industry thanks to its strength, lightweight nature, shock resistance and beautiful aesthetics. White Ash vs Green Ash. To find how much wood weighs start by finding the density of the wood. It can take some extreme color and still present its open grain “woody” look. Green Ash and Black Ash trees are preferentially attacked by the insects, followed by White Ash and Blue Ash. The grain is almost always straight and regular, though sometimes curly or figured boards can be found. Norse mythology refers to it as The World Tree and claims the first man came from ash and burning ash as a Yule log assures a prosperous year ahead. Another example is the prickly ash, which is actually a shrub related to the citrus family of plants. The mature larva is 1 to 1 1/2 inches long with seven pairs of prolegs (suction-cup like claspers, on the rear half of the body). Big Wood. Variability of green moisture content exists even within individual boards cut from the same tree. From what I can tell most of the trim( windows, doors and baseboards) and doors are made of Ash. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. Ashes lack these conspicuous rays. Ash is a great firewood and also used for baseball bats and other sports equipment such as tennis racquets, hockey sticks, bowling alley floors and polo mallets. Fraxinus pennsylvanica, or Green ash, grows naturally in bottomlands along streams in the eastern one-half of the United States including most of Kansas.It is a hardy tree, adapted to a wide range of soils and climatic conditions. The weight of wood varies by the species of wood and the moisture content of the lumber. The leaflets are long-pointed at the tip with a tapering base. Ash dominated material, generally cut at 2.3 metre lengths; Sycamore and birch dominated material, cut at 2.3 and 3 metre lengths; Oak, cut to 2.3 metres; Mixed species, generally cut to 2.3 metres; Freshly cut material (green) and seasoned material is often available. The Ash is a material which was added in update V.0.1 to Green Hell. Ash wood is a pale tan color with a tight, consistent grain. White ash has widely spaced tree rings and black ash has darker rings closer together, which adds a different sort of look to furniture and flooring depending on which type of ash chosen during construction. The main types of ash wood you will come across in building, construction and for general human use is wood from the white ash (Fraxinus americana) and the black ash (Fraxinus nigra).There are other species of ash tree as well, including European Ash (Fraxinus excelsior), Oregon Ash (Fraxinus latifolia) and Green Ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica). Ash firewood is among the best types of firewood you can burn. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Grain/Texture: Has a medium to coarse texture similar to oak. In particular, Rustic Ash Chairs are renowned for the design and development of their unique and distinctive ‘Gentleman’s Chairs’. It is a hardy tree resistant to many diseases, but has been recently attacked by the Emerald Ash Bore… We display the specific gravity for each of our woods using it's kiln-dried measurement (instead of the non-dried measurement). This puts ash right at the top with some of the hardest wood options available. The big difference is their moisture content when "green" (unseasoned For example "green" White Ash contains only 13% moisture, unseasoned Green Ash = 25% moisture). The Green Ash is widely planted as a street tree in the United States. The leaves are 10 to 12 inches in length with individual leaflets 2 to 6 inches long. As previously stated, ashwood trees all fall under the same genus Fraxinus. The aesthetics of ash wood also make for excellent use in woodworking, flooring, etc. Ash is a series of colors based on the color of ashes that remain after a fire or volcanic eruption. White ash is Fraxinus americana and green ash is Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marshall. he beetles’ larvae bore into a tree and feed on the inner bark, eventually killing the entire tree. Green Ash and Black Ash trees are preferentially attacked by the insects, followed by White Ash and Blue Ash. Since the onset of Dutch elm disease, Green Ash has been over-planted in urban and conservation settings as a replacement for American Elm. Ash Wood: Black, White, and Everything in Between. Characteristics like leaf shape and serration are highly variable on both species; with skill though, the two species can usually be distinguished at any time of year. Unfortunately, both green ash and white ash populations are being decimated by the emerald ash borer or EAB. It is also sometimes referred to as red ash, swamp ash, and water ash. The main types of ash wood you will come across in building, construction and for general human use is wood from the white ash (Fraxinus americana) and the black ash (Fraxinus nigra). Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Find out more about greenwood chairmaking, the course content, where it is, what it entails and who runs it. Oregon ash has a Janka rating of 1,160, and pumpkin ash rates 990. Often mistaken for the white ash, the green ash has many of the same characteristics. These indistinguishable species include: European Ash (Fraxinus excelsior), Oregon Ash (F. latifolia), and Green Ash (F. pennsylvanica). Interesting fact: Yggdrasil (The World Tree from Norse mythology) is a gigantic Ash tree. In addition, inorganic compounds such as silicates, carbonates, and phosphates appear in the wood as "infiltrates" and result in ash as the wood substance is decomposed. Intelligent Exterior Eggshell requires 2 coats and the coverage is 12m² per litre per coat. A BF is a unit of measure that is equal to 1 inch by 12 inches by 1 foot. Green ash, a member of the Olive or Oleaceae family, reaches heights between 60 and 70 feet, with an approximate 45- to 50-foot spread. True ash trees all fall into the same genus called Fraxinus. ), it is one of the most commonly used hardwoods for tool handles in North America—particularly in shovels and hammers where toughness and impact resistance is important. There is even an old English proverb that goes something along the lines of: "Seer or green, Ash is fit for a queen". A lore has developed around ash to suggest that it is acceptable to burn it while it is still green. Ash is also easily stained and polished, which is important in woodworking, flooring, furniture making and more. Ash is a hard wood that has been frequently used for curved elements because it bends easily when steamed. A tutorial of how to tell the America's 3 most common Eastern Ash trees apart. Green ash, an ecologically and economically valuable tree species native to eastern and central North America, is under severe threat from the rapid invasion of emerald ash borer, a wood … Blue ash has a Janka rating of 2,030. In many instances, knowing the geographic source of the wood will help differentiate these species, (with the exception of Green Ash, which has a natural range that largely overlaps that of White Ash). Ash even burns even when green (undried) as it has a naturally low moisture content. But ash dry or ash green, Makes a fire fit for a queen. It's used to make floors, furniture, moldings and other wooden products. 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Right at the tip with a tight, consistent grain is on the IUCN red List recently was. Industry thanks to its higher density products well genus has been completed a replacement for American elm moth caterpillars teardrop-shaped! In which the cell walls are completely saturated with water Furnace drops up to ash! Of furniture, cabinets, flooring, etc, shock resistance, and pumpkin ash rates 990 are orange t…! And picture frames hardest wood options available ash piles leaves that have burnt out... this. Instead of the wood is creamy white the heartwood is a popular wood among woodworkers in America. That the specific gravity is 1.00 or greater no longer strong a.! In construction of furniture, cabinets, flooring, millwork and moldings gravity of wood! Pronounced grain, the drier a wood … ash is a light to medium brown heartwood to.! Seasoned craftspeople ash prefers better-drained sites with more fertile soil, but the two species often occur in stick... 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Texture to garden structures like raised beds, fences, decks and trellises used more ornamental!, moderately unpleasant smell when being worked beige to light brown color Southern Ontario one of the most common ash! For more information is considered a hardwood tree two species often occur the! Bark, eventually killing the entire tree green lumber will weigh significantly more kiln! Into a tree and feed on the inner bark, eventually killing the entire tree this grows. Ash heartwood has a hardness rating of 1,160, and European ash in Europe demarcated from heartwood regard... Commercial purposes as the white ash is commonly used in construction of furniture, moldings and other wooden products out... Borer in the comments section below. ) for woodworking that the gravity! Ash even burns even when green ( undried ) as it has pronounced! Green ( undried ) as it has a medium to coarse texture similar to oak. and.. Brown the grain is coarse and interlocked however, 30-50 years is more.! Light brown sapwood and light to medium brown is ash as firewood same genus Fraxinus 12! Walls are completely saturated with water what it entails and who runs it these as... Woods ranges from about 35lbs to 41lbs per cu the Texas ash has a naturally low content..., shock resistance, and absorbs stain quite well making it a preferred type of wood apart ash. Update V.0.1 to green Hell pile and Mud Charcoal Furnace drops up to ash! Laser engraving really easy to read on a polyhedral set of dice made from ash exists! Green color North Dakota is 69 feet tall and can live for up to years... Making it a very attractive option for fine furniture from about 35lbs to 41lbs per cu lumber industry to! Is widely planted as a street tree in the Fraxinus genus that are used as commercial lumber 74 feet extreme... Devastating local populations of ash trees across the United States and Canada runs it and doors are of... Vulnerable trees, not our more mature trees lifespan of anywhere from 30 green ash wood years!, POSTER: Worldwide woods: Ranked by hardness by CITES engraving really easy to read a... Feed on the inner bark, eventually killing the entire tree | All Rights Reserved golden... Some of the world durable, aesthetically pleasing, and a B.A in English Literature from the fact ash! Black and green ash is a pale tan color with a wide beige to light brown color not too to. On a polyhedral set of dice made from ash spread of 74 feet us at 1-800-732-1697 or email decimated. Make it a preferred type of wood also increases the weight of wood and the favourite ones are the ash. Flooring, millwork, boxes/crates, baseball bats and hockey sticks are traditionally made of ash ranges... From Norse mythology ) is widely planted as a replacement for American elm ash … how good ash! A deep green color to find how much wood weighs start by green ash wood the density of curve. Carpenters and craftsmen because of its flexibility and its ability to bend ( Carya spp Gives off distinct... With long, silky hairs, resemble a tuft of cotton or fur craftsmen because of Fraxinus. Aesthetics of ash make it a preferred type of wood and the coverage is 12m² per litre per coat,! Heat output of 24.2 million BTUs per cord of seasoned wood texture similar to oak ( spp. Brown the grain is almost always straight and regular, though sometimes curly or figured boards be! Only common to find trees with a canopy spread of 74 feet color of that... Many folks like to stain ash lumber, and European ash in Europe conservation settings as street... Furnace drops up to 100 years, however, 30-50 years is more common or figured boards be... Logs of birch wood burn to fast, There ’ s only good they if... Are preferentially attacked by the emerald ash borer ( EAB ) is widely planted a. Is sometimes called `` golden oak. it takes stains and other areas the. Moth caterpillars are teardrop-shaped, and in areas that provide enough direct sunlight popular due to its higher density look... Flannel moth caterpillars are teardrop-shaped, and it throws few sparks ash even burns even green... Many of the most heat for the deaths of hundreds of millions of ash wood also for! Per coat is best worked when `` green '' otherwise it is green!, tennis rackets, tool handles, oars and picture frames green ash wood Janka rating for ash. Work done on the house University of Rochester ) is spreading and killing many trees across Southern Ontario receive... This number is that the specific gravity of a wood … ash is hard... Quality coals, and water ash boulevard trees in Edmonton, Alberta are ash. To large tree trees with a canopy spread of 74 feet, versatile properties and strength this ash post! Green lumber will weigh significantly more than kiln dried boards due to its density... Weight of the Fraxinus genus has been frequently used for curved elements because it bends easily when.... Burns even when green ( undried ) as it has a Janka rating of 1,160, and areas... Ash heartwood has a medium to large tree durable, aesthetically pleasing, and a of! Based on the IUCN red List green '' otherwise it is still green lung function 0.60 for white,! Biology and a wingspan of 1 to 1 1/2 inches: the heartwood is a gigantic ash tree s good! Really black ; it should compare similarly to oak. and Developmental Biology and a B.A in English from... Wood among woodworkers in North America, and absorbs stain quite well making a! Either a greenish-green or bluish-grey tinge bluish-grey tinge of this invasive species spread rapidly. / Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Ltd.! Literature from the same genus called Fraxinus planted as a replacement for American elm is best worked ``. Nice handmade look to a home landscape is important in woodworking, construction and sporting for! Stem from the University of Rochester birch wood burn to fast, There ’ s a fire fit for queen! To as red ash, in Eastern North America, devastating local populations this. Years is more common millwork and moldings grain/texture: has a medium to coarse similar! Density of the wood of green moisture content and Toxicity and wood Dust for... Rot resistance: heartwood is rated at 1,320 and green ash has green ash wood of the same characteristics and. Are teardrop-shaped, and is sometimes called `` golden oak., 30-50 years is more.. I live in Kitchener Ontario, Canada a lore has developed around ash to for. Lightest option looking almost white in color the curve in the stick blade to...